#RESEARCH

HYPNOSIS

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In Sweden, only doctors can set a diagnose and claim to cure diseases. Hypnosis can, however, be an effective adjunct to medical care and help strengthen the client mentally and emotionally.

There is a lot of research/studies about hypnosis and its efficiency. Here is a short summary:

Albert Einstein, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Henry Ford, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Thomas Edison, Winston Churchill är några som använt hypnos för att nå framgång. Albert Einstein, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Henry Ford, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Thomas Edison, Winston Churchill är några som använt hypnos för att nå framgång.


 

THE STATISTICS TALKS

Psychoanalysis

38% improvement after 600 sessions
 

Behavior therapy
72% improvement after 22 sessions

 

Hypnotherapy
93% success rate after 6 sessions

 

~ American Health Magazine

SELF ESTEEM

Raised self-esteem and serenity. Lowered impulsivity and anger
In a research study on self-hypnosis for relapse prevention training with chronic drug/alcohol users. Participants were 261 veterans admitted to Substance Abuse Residential Rehabilitation Treatment Programs (SARRTPs). individuals who used repeated self-hypnosis "at least 3 to 5 times a week," at 7-week follow-up, reported the highest levels of self-esteem and serenity, and the least anger/impulsivity, in comparison to the minimal-practice and control groups.

American Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy (a publication of the American Psychological Association)2004 Apr;46(4):281-97)
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STRESS, ANXIETY, DEPRESSION

Hypnosis for fight/flight mode
This study investigated the effect of hypnotherapy in 20 adults who sought help for stress, anxiety and depression and the effect of hypnotherapy. The statistical analyzes showed significantly lower symptom in all areas and it was most effective for those who had anxiety. The conclusion of the authors of the study is that hypnosis works well as a treatment for reactions caused by the person going into fight/flight mode.

Gould RC, Krynicki VE. "Comparative effectiveness of hypnotherapy on different psychological symptoms." Am J Clin Hypn. 1989 Oct;32(2):110-7.

Hypnosis against PTSD
32 patients suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder were divided into two groups. During the same period, a group of four hypnosis sessions of 1.5 hours each time and the second group received medications for 14 nights. After two weeks there was a significant improvement in the group receiving hypnosis, much better than the one receiving medication. The hypnosis group also began sleeping better and was able to cope with their everyday life much better than the other group. The effect persisted at the follow-up one month later.

Abramowitz EG, Barak Y, Ben-Avi I, Knobler HY. "Hypnotherapy in the treatment of chronic combat-related PTSD patients suffering from insomnia: a randomized, zolpidem-controlled clinical trial." Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2008 Jul;56(3):270-80. Israel Defense Forces, Mental Health Department, Israel.

Reduced depression
At the University of Calgary in Canada, they made a comparison between the effect of CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) and hypnotherapy for people with depression. The study was done on 84 persons during 16 weeks. At the end of treatment, both groups had begun to feel better, but the hypnosis group achieved better results than the CBT group in reducing depression, anxiety and the feeling of hopelessness. Efficacy was maintained both at 6-month and 1-year follow up.

Alladin A, Alibhai A. "Cognitive hypnotherapy for depression: an empirical investigation."Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2007 Apr;55(2):147-66. University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Reduced stress during surgery
In a study at Yale University they divided patients who were being operated into three different groups. One group received hypnosis, one group received calls as well as extra support and a group receiving standard treatment. The group that received hypnosis therapy was significantly calmer before surgery than the other two groups. The groups that received hypnosis became more stressed when they came into the operating room, as opposed to those who received hypnosis therapy, whose stress levels instead fell by 56%.

Saadat H, Drummond-Lewis J, Maranets I, Kaplan D, Saadat A, Wang SM, Kain ZN. "Hypnosis reduces preoperative anxiety in adult patients." Anesth Analg. 2006 May;102(5):1394-6. Center for the Advancement of Perioperative Health, Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA.
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TRAUMA

Hypnosis against trauma
In a small case study, three people were treated with hypnosis for clinical depression and phobias. The clients had to go back to their old traumas and reprogram the incident, which led to a significant change of what the memories meant and hence its impact on the client's life. At a follow-up it was concluded that the positive effects remained.

By Gravitz, Melvin A. "Memory reconstruction by hypnosis as a therapeutic technique. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, Vol 31(4), 1994, 687-691.

Reduction of trauma symptoms
Four Chinese women, two victims of sexual abuse as children, one rape victim and abused by her husband, were treated with situational-specific hypnosis. Data from self-reports, observations and objective measurements show that hypnosis treatments led to a significant reduction of trauma symptoms.

Poon MW. "Hypnosis for complex trauma survivors: four case studies." Am J Clin Hypn.2009 Jan;51(3):263-71. Clinical Psychological Unit 3, Social Welfare Department, 14/F Cornwall House, Taikoo Place, 979 King's Road, Quarry Bay, Hong Kong.
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SLEEP

Hypnosis for insomnia
In an American study of 84 adolescents aged 7-17 years who suffered from insomnia, hypnosis proved to have a very good effect. 90% of the 70 people who suffered from insomnia experienced an improvement. 52% of the 21 patients who used to suffer from recurrent awakenings more than once a week got rid of their problems, 38% experienced an improvement. Of the patients who also suffered from other somatic problems, 87% experienced that the problems either disappeared completely or diminished with the help of hypnosis.

Anbar RD, Slothower MP. "Hypnosis for treatment of insomnia in school-age children: a retrospective chart review." BMC Pediatr. 2006 Aug 16;6:23.Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA.
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SMOKING

90.6% success rate for smoking cessation using hypnosis
Of 43 consecutive patients undergoing this treatment protocol, 39 reported remaining abstinent from tobacco use at follow-up (6 months to 3 years post-treatment). This represents a 90.6% success rate using hypnosis.

University of Washington School of Medicine, Depts. of Anesthesiology and Rehabilitation Medicine, Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2001 Jul;49(3):257-66. Barber J.

87% reported abstinence from tobacco use with hypnosis
A field study of 93 male and 93 female CMHC outpatients examined the facilitation of smoking cessation by using hypnosis. At 3-month follow-up, 86% of the men and 87% of the women reported continued abstinence from the use of tobacco using hypnosis.

Performance by gender in a stop-smoking program combining hypnosis and aversion. Johnson DL, Karkut RT. Adkar Associates, Inc., Bloomington, Indiana. Psychol Rep. 1994 Oct;75(2):851-7. PMID: 7862796 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

81% reported they had stopped smoking after hypnosis
Thirty smokers enrolled in an HMO were referred by their primary physician for treatment. Twenty-one patients returned after an initial consultation and received hypnosis for smoking cessation. At the end of treatment, 81% of those patients reported that they had stopped smoking, and 48% reported abstinence at 12 months post-treatment.

Texas A&M University, System Health Science Center, College of Medicine, College Station, TX USA. Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2004 Jan;52(1):73-81. Clinical hypnosis for smoking cessation: preliminary results of a three-session intervention. Elkins GR, Rajab MH.

Hypnosis patients twice as likely to remain smoke-free after two years
Study of 71 smokers showed that after a two-year follow up, patients that quit with hypnosis were twice as likely to remain smoke-free than those who quit on their own.
Guided health imagery for smoking cessation and long-term abstinence. Wynd, CA. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 2005; 37:3, pages 245-250.

Hypnosis more effective than drug interventions for smoking cessation
Group hypnosis sessions, evaluated at a less effective success rate (22% success) than individualized hypnosis sessions. However, group hypnosis sessions were still demonstrated here as being more effective than drug interventions.

Ohio State University, College of Nursing, Columbus, OH 43210, USA Descriptive outcomes of the American Lung Association of Ohio hypnotherapy smoking cessation program. Ahijevych K, Yerardi R, Nedilsky N.

Hypnosis most effective says largest study ever: 3 times as effective as patch and 15 times as effective as willpower
Hypnosis is the most effective way of giving up smoking, according to the largest ever scientific comparison of ways of breaking the habit. A meta-analysis, statistically combining results of more than 600 studies of 72,000 people from America and Europe to compare various methods of quitting. On average, hypnosis was over three times as effective as nicotine replacement methods and 15 times as effective as trying to quit alone.

University of Iowa, Journal of Applied Psychology, How One in Five Give Up Smoking. October 1992. (Also New Scientist, October 10, 1992.)
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WEIGHT LOSS

Hypnosis over 30 times as effective for weight loss
Investigated the effects of hypnosis in weight loss for 60 females, at least 20% overweight. Treatment included group hypnosis with metaphors for ego-strengthening, decision making and motivation, ideomotor exploration in individual hypnosis, and group hypnosis with maintenance suggestions. Hypnosis was more effective than a control group: an average of 17 lbs lost by the hypnosis group vs. an average of 0.5 lbs lost by the control group, on follow-up.
Cochrane, Gordon; Friesen, J. (1986). Hypnotherapy in weight loss treatment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54, 489-492.

Two years later: Hypnosis subjects continued to lose significant weight
109 people completed a behavioral treatment for weight management either with or without the addition of hypnosis. At the end of the 9-week program, both interventions resulted in significant weight reduction. At 8-month and 2-year follow-ups, the hypnosis subjects were found to have continued to lose significant weight, while those in the behavioral-treatment-only group showed little further change.

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (1985)

Hypnosis subjects lost more weight than 90% of others and kept it off
Researchers analyzed 18 studies comparing a cognitive behavioral therapy such as relaxation training, guided imagery, self monitoring, or goal setting with the same therapy supplemented by hypnosis. Those who received the hypnosis lost more weight than 90 percent of those not receiving hypnosis and maintained the weight loss two years after treatment ended.
University of Connecticut, Storrs Allison DB, Faith MS. Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for obesity: a meta-analytic reappraisal. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1996;64(3):513-516.

Hypnosis more than doubled average weight loss
Study of the effect of adding hypnosis to cognitive-behavioral treatments for weight reduction, additional data were obtained from authors of two studies. Analyses indicated that the benefits of hypnosis increased substantially over time.

Kirsch, Irving (1996). Hypnotic enhancement of cognitive-behavioral weight loss treatments--Another meta-reanalysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64 (3), 517-519.

Hypnosis showed significantly lower post-treatment weights
Two studies compared overweight smoking and non-smoking adult women in an hypnosis-based, weight-loss program. Both achieved significant weight losses and decreases in Body Mass Index. Follow-up study replicated significant weight losses and declines in Body Mass Index. The overt aversion and hypnosis program yielded significantly lower post-treatment weights and a greater average number of pounds lost.
Weight loss for women: studies of smokers and nonsmokers using hypnosis and multi-component treatments with and without overt aversion. Johnson DL, Psychology Reprints. 1997 Jun;80(3 Pt 1):931-3.

Hypnotherapy group with stress reduction achieved significantly more weight loss than the other two treatments
Randomized, controlled, parallel study of two forms of hypnotherapy (directed at stress reduction or energy intake reduction), vs dietary advice alone in 60 obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea on nasal continuous positive airway pressure treatment.
J Stradling, D Roberts, A Wilson and F Lovelock, Chest Unit, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, OX3 7LJ, UK

Hypnosis can more than double the effects of traditional weight loss approaches
An analysis of five weight loss studies reported in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology in 1996 showed that the "… weight loss reported in the five studies indicates that hypnosis can more than double the effects" of traditional weight loss approaches.

University of Connecticut, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology in 1996 (Vol. 64, No. 3, pgs 517-519).

Weight loss is greater where hypnosis is utilized
Research into cognitive-behavioral weight loss treatments established that weight loss is greater where hypnosis is utilized. It was also established that the benefits of hypnosis increase over time.

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (1996)
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HEADACHE AND MIGRAINE

Hypnosis reduces frequency and intensity of migraines
Compared the treatment of migraine by hypnosis and autohypnosis with the treatment of migraine by the drug prochlorperazine (Stemetil). Results show that the number of attacks and the number of people who suffered blinding attacks were significantly lower for the group receiving hypnotherapy than for the group receiving prochlorperazine. For the group on hypnotherapy, these two measures were significantly lower when on hypnotherapy than when on the previous treatment. It is concluded that further trials of hypnotherapy are justified against some other treatment not solely associated with the ingestion of tablets.

Anderson JA, Basker MA, Dalton R, Migraine and hypnotherapy, International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis 1975; 23(1): 48-58.

96% experienced reduced frequency and/or intensity of the headache
A study of 30 children (mean age 15 years) and in the context of long-term recurring headaches and effects of hypnosis. Patients were taught among other things hypnosis-based relaxation. Approximately 96% reported that the headaches decreased in frequency and/or intensity as a result of hypnosis.

Anbar RD, Zoughbi GG. "Relationship of headache-associated stressors and hypnosis therapy outcome in children: a retrospective chart review". Am J Clin Hypn. 2008 Apr;50(4):335-41. Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, State University of New York Upstate Medical University Syracuse, NY 13110, USA.

Hypnosis for migraine
Two patients with long-standing problems with migraine were treated with hypnosis in combination with a sort of hand-heating technology. Both patients were followed up (one after 12 months and after 9 months). The treatment proved to be extremely effective when it came to reducing migraine intensity, frequency and duration.

Graham G.W. (1975) Hypnotic treatment for Migraine Headaches. International Journal of Clinical and experimental Hypnosis, 23:48.

Hypnosis reduces pain of headaches and anxiety
The improvement was confirmed by the subjective evaluation data gathered with the use of a questionnaire and by a significant reduction in anxiety scores.

Melis PM, Rooimans W, Spierings EL, Hoogduin CA, Treatment of chronic tension-type headache with hypnotherapy: a single-blind time controlled study. Headache 1991; 31(10): 686-9.
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PAIN CONTROL

Hypnosis reduces pain and speeds up recovery from surgery
Since 1992, we have used hypnosis routinely in more than 1400 patients undergoing surgery. We found that hypnosis used with patients as an adjunct to conscious sedation and local anesthesia was associated with improved intraoperative patient comfort, and with reduced anxiety, pain, intraoperative requirements for anxiolytic and analgesic drugs, optimal surgical conditions and a faster recovery of the patient. We reported our clinical experience and our fundamental research.
Hypnosis and its application in surgery] Faymonville ME, Defechereux T, Joris J, Adant JP, Hamoir E, Meurisse M, Service d'Anesthesie-Reanimation, Universite de Liege, Rev Med Liege. 1998 Jul;53(7):414-8.

Hypnosis reduces pain intensity
Analysis of the simple-simple main effects, holding both group and condition constant, revealed that application of hypnotic analgesia reduced report of pain intensity significantly more than report of pain unpleasantness.
Dahlgren LA, Kurtz RM, Strube MJ, Malone MD, Differential effects of hypnotic suggestion on multiple dimensions of pain. Journal of Pain & Symptom Management. 1995; 10(6): 464-70.

Hypnosis reduces pain of headaches and anxiety
The improvement was confirmed by the subjective evaluation data gathered with the use of a questionnaire and by a significant reduction in anxiety scores.
Melis PM, Rooimans W, Spierings EL, Hoogduin CA, Treatment of chronic tension-type headache with hypnotherapy: a single-blind time controlled study. Headache 1991; 31(10): 686-9.

Hypnosis lowered post-treatment pain in burn injuries
Patients in the hypnosis group reported less post treatment pain than did patients in the control group. The findings are used to replicate earlier studies of burn pain hypnoanalgesia, explain discrepancies in the literature, and highlight the potential importance of motivation with this population.
Patterson DR, Ptacek JT, Baseline pain as a moderator of hypnotic analgesia for burn injury treatment. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology 1997; 65(1): 60-7.

Hypnosis lowered phantom limb pain
Hypnotic procedures appear to be a useful adjunct to established strategies for the treatment of phantom limb pain and would repay further, more systematic, investigation. Suggestions are provided as to the factors which should be considered for a more systematic research program.

Treatment of phantom limb pain using hypnotic imagery. Oakley DA, Whitman LG, Halligan PW, Department of Psychology, University College, London, UK.

Hypnosis has a reliable and significant impact on acute and chronic pain
Hypnosis has been demonstrated to reduce analogue pain, and studies on the mechanisms of laboratory pain reduction have provided useful applications to clinical populations. Studies showing central nervous system activity during hypnotic procedures offer preliminary information concerning possible physiological mechanisms of hypnotic analgesia. Randomized controlled studies with clinical populations indicate that hypnosis has a reliable and significant impact on acute procedural pain and chronic pain conditions. Methodological issues of this body of research are discussed, as are methods to better integrate hypnosis into comprehensive pain treatment.
Hypnosis and clinical pain. Patterson DR, Jensen MP, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA USA 98104 Psychol Bull. 2003 Jul;129(4):495-521.

Hypnosis is a powerful tool in pain therapy and is biological in addiction to psychological
Attempting to elucidate cerebral mechanisms behind hypnotic analgesia, we measured regional cerebral blood flow with positron emission tomography in patients with fibromyalgia, during hypnotically-induced analgesia and resting wakefulness. The patients experienced less pain during hypnosis than at rest. The cerebral blood-flow was bilaterally increased in the orbitofrontal and subcallosial cingulate cortices, the right thalamus, and the left inferior parietal cortex, and was decreased bilaterally in the cingulate cortex. The observed blood-flow pattern supports notions of a multifactorial nature of hypnotic analgesia, with an interplay between cortical and subcortical brain dynamics.

Copyright 1999 European Federation of Chapters of the International Association for the Study of Pain.
Functional anatomy of hypnotic analgesia: a PET study of patients with fibromyalgia. Wik G, Fischer H, Bragee B, Finer B, Fredrikson M, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden Eur J Pain. 1999 Mar;3(1):7-12.


Hypnosis useful in hospital emergency rooms
Hypnosis can be a useful adjunct in the emergency department setting. Its efficacy in various clinical applications has been replicated in controlled studies. Application to burns, pain, pediatric procedures, surgery, psychiatric presentations (e.g., coma, somatoform disorder, anxiety, and post traumatic stress), and obstetric situations (e.g., hyperemesis, labor, and delivery) are described.
Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2000 May;18(2):327-38, x. The use of hypnosis in emergency medicine. Peebles-Kleiger MJ, Menninger School of Psychiatry and Mental Health Sciences, Menninger Clinic, Topeka, KS, USA. peeblemj@menninger.edu

Hypnosis in surgery provides faster recovery
In two different studies, researchers compared patients who underwent various operations and who received either general anesthesia or only local anesthesia combined with hypnosis. One group was operated on a total of 78 women for breast cancer. 18 of the women received hypnosis and local anesthesia instead of being anesthetized with general anesthesia. In the second group underwent surgery thyroidectomy in 55 patients, half of which with the help of hypnosis and local anesthesia. For both groups the result was that the surgery took somewhat longer for those who have been hypnotized as compared to those anesthetized. But hypnosis greatly reduced the need for other anesthetics, and the postoperative recovery in these patients was much faster.
Study by professor Fabienne Roelants at Cliniques Universitaries St Luc in Belgium.

 

Hypnosis helps in both acute and chronic pain
Randomized controlled trials indicate that hypnosis has a significant effect in both acute and chronic pain conditions. Studies that show activity in the central nervous system during a hypnosis session can possibly explain the probable physiological mechanism.

Patterson DR, Jensen MP. "Hypnosis and clinical pain." Psychol Bull. 2003 Jul;129(4):495-521. Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle 98104, USA.

Hypnosis for fibromyalgia
In a study at the University of Birmingham, a comparison was made between two groups who had fibromyalgia. One group received suggestions with hypnosis and one group received suggestions without hypnosis. The people who received hypnosis was able to control their pain more, and also felt that the pain decreased compared with the group that received only suggestions. With MRI a change could also be measured in specific areas of the brain that are activated during pain in the group that received hypnosis.

Derbyshire SW, Whalley MG, Oakley DA. "Fibromyalgia pain and its modulation by hypnotic and non-hypnotic suggestion: an fMRI analysis." Eur J Pain. 2009 May;13(5):542-50. Epub 2008 Jul 23. School of Psychology, University of Birmingham.
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ADDICTION

Significantly more methadone addicts quit with hypnosis. 94% remained narcotic free
Significant differences were found on all measures. The experimental group had significantly less discomfort and illicit drug use, and a significantly greater amount of cessation. At six month follow up, 94% of the subjects in the experimental group who had achieved cessation remained narcotic free. 
A comparative study of hypnotherapy and psychotherapy in the treatment of methadone addicts. Manganiello AJ, American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 1984; 26(4): 273-9.

Hypnosis shows 77 percent success rate for drug addiction
Treatment has been used with 18 clients over the last 7 years and has shown a 77 percent success rate for at least a 1-year follow-up. 15 were being seen for alcoholism or alcohol abuse, 2 clients were being seen for cocaine addiction, and 1 client had a marijuana addiction.
Intensive Therapy: Utilizing Hypnosis in the Treatment of Substance Abuse Disorders. Potter, Greg, American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, Jul 2004.

Hypnosis for cocaine addiction documented case study
Hypnosis was successfully used to overcome a $500 (five grams) per day cocaine addiction. The subject was a female in her twenties. After approximately 8 months of addiction, she decided to use hypnosis in an attempt to overcome the addiction itself. Over the next 4 months, she used hypnosis three times a day and at the end of this period, her addiction was broken, and she has been drug free for the past 9 years. Hypnosis was the only intervention, and no support network of any kind was available.
The use of hypnosis in cocaine addiction. Page RA, Handley GW, Ohio State University, Lima, OH USA 45804. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 1993 Oct;36(2):120-3.
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PHOBIAS

Hypnosis against dental phobia
In a comparative study between different treatments on 137 patients with dental phobia, it was found that, of the 77 people who completed the study, hypnosis and CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) is more effective than general anesthesia to dental fear.

Wannemueller A, Joehren P, Haug S, Hatting M, Elsesser K, Sartory G. "A practice-based comparison of brief cognitive behavioral treatment, two kinds of hypnosis and general anesthesia in dental phobia." Psychother Psychosom. 2011;80(3):159-65. Epub 2011 Mar 3.Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.
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IMMUNE SYSTEM

Hypnosis to boost the immune system
In an Australian study treated to 45 healthy children and 45 children affected by more than 10 respiratory infections during the past year. One group received hypnotic suggestions to increase immunoglobulin A that are antibodies to combat infections. The second group received general relaxation and the third part of a control group. In the groups receiving relaxation with or without hypnotic suggestion, the number of antibodies increased, but the hypnosis group showed the best results.

Secretory immunoglobulin A increases during relaxation in children with and without recurrent upper respiratory tract infections." J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1996 Oct;17(5):311-6. Division of Psychology, Murdoch University, Western Australia.
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IBS (IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME)

Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy can in two studies show that hypnosis both effectively treats and gives lasting relief even for those with severe IBS. The study includes 346 patients. In the first study, 138 patients were treated with hypnotherapy during one hour a week for twelve weeks, while the remainder was given general advice about diet and relaxation techniques. In the group that received hypnosis 40 percent of patients had relieving symptoms, compared with 12 percent of the untreated group. In the second study, they followed up 208 patients who received hypnotherapy, and it showed that 85 percent still had the effect of treatment up to seven years later - and they still used the technique they learned.
Lindfors P, Unge P, Arvidsson P, Nyhlin H, Björnsson E, Abrahamsson H, Simrén M. "Effects of gut-directed hypnotherapy on IBS in different clinical settings-results from two randomized, controlled trials." Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Feb;107(2):276-85. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2011.340. Epub 2011 Oct 4. Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Patients diagnosed with IBS received 12 sessions of hypnotherapy over a period of 12 weeks (one session per week). Patients had to fill in a form where they got to talk about their symptoms both before treatment and three months after the experiment ended. The study showed that hypnosis therapy significantly increased the sense of quality of life of patients and especially for male patients. The digestive system was also experienced to work better and especially for female patients.

Al Sughayir MA. "Hypnotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome in Saudi Arabian patients."East Mediterr Health J. 2007 Mar-Apr; 13(2):301-8. Department of psychiatry, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

204 patients suffering from IBS were treated with hypnosis. 71% of patients responded to treatment. Of these, 81% felt that the effect was maintained over time, even when they did a follow-up six years later. Several of the patients experienced that they increased their quality of life, felt less anxious, had fewer doctor visits and less medication after hypnotherapy.

Gonsalkorale WM, Miller V, Afzal A, Whorwell PJ. "Long term benefits of hypnotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome." Gut. 2003 Nov;52(11):1623-9. Department of Medicine, University Hospital of South Manchester, Manchester, UK.
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RECOVERY

Healed 41% faster from fracture
Healed significantly faster from surgery

Two studies from Harvard Medical School show hypnosis significantly reduces the time it takes to heal.
Study One: Six weeks after an ankle fracture, those in the hypnosis group showed the equivalent of eight and a half weeks of healing.
Study Two: Three groups of people studied after breast reduction surgery. Hypnosis group healed "significantly faster" than supportive attention group and control group.
Harvard Medical School, Carol Ginandes and Union Institute in Cincinnati, Patricia Brooks, Harvard University Gazette Online at http://www.hno.harvard.edu/gazette/2003/05.08/01-hypnosis.html.
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DEMENTIA

Hypnosis is slowing down dementia
In a study at about dementia and hypnosis conducted at the University of Liverpool it was clear that hypnosis slowed down the progression of dementia. People with dementia and treated with hypnosis had better memory, could more easily concentrate and experienced increased social interaction, compared to the group who did not receive hypnosis. The hypnosis group also experienced increased capacity for relaxation and motivation and became more active and engaged in more everyday chores.

Alternative Approaches to Supporting Individuals With Dementia: Enhancing Quality of Life Through Hypnosis," Alzheimer's Care Today 2007, volume 8, number 4, pages 321-331. Hewson-Bower B, Drummond PD.
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MENOPAUSE

Hypnosis against hot flushes
A new study by the University of Texas and Baylor University in the US shows that hypnosis can relieve menopausal symptoms. In the first scientific study in the field, it is shown that hypnosis can reduce the number of hot flashes by 75%. They split up a collection menopausal women into two groups. One group received hypnosis and the other group went to medical calls. The sessions lasted five days a week over a period of 12 weeks. In addition, subjects were listening to hypnosis recordings and recordings with information about hot flashes. Flushes were reduced by up to 75% of the women who were hypnotized, while the other group who received information reduced their hot flashes by 13%. Besides that the hypnosis helped against flushes, the subjects also reported that they slept better and felt less discomfort in everyday life. Scientists are not sure what the explanation for hypnosis’s positive effect, but believe that the hypnosis affects the parasympathetic nervous system, which plays a big role in hot flashes.

The Mind-Body Medicine Research Laboratory, Baylor University, Waco, TX; the school of Nursing at Indiana University in Indianapolis, IN; och The College of Education at the University of Texas, Austin.
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CANCER

Hypnosis for cancer
In an article in the medical journal Psychiatric Medicine they highlight evidence that hypnosis can be a powerful tool in the treatment of cancer patients. Hypnosis has proven to be valuable in helping cancer patients to reduce nausea, remove pain, and counteract anxiety, depression, frustration, fear of death and other negative emotions. Hypnosis has been used as a visualization tool for the betterment of health, to help the patient to experience control and reduce side effects. Hypnosis has also shown no unpleasant side effects and the positive effects persisted even after hypnosis treatment.

Levitan AA. "The use of hypnosis with cancer patients." Psychiatr Med.1992;10(1):119-31. University of Minnesota.

Hypnosis against cancer pain
In a study of cancer patients who would undergo a bone marrow transplant and chemotherapy treatment, it was concluded that treatment with hypnosis was more effective in counteracting pain, than, for example CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy).

Syrjala KL, Cummings C, Donaldson GW. "Hypnosis or cognitive behavioral training for the reduction of pain and nausea during cancer treatment: a controlled clinical trial."Pain. 1992 Feb;48(2):137-46. Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98104.
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